Ammonia is called a gas that has no color, is characterized by a specific smell. Below we present a publication on the uses of ammonia.
This element is a fundamental element for making products for daily use. It is created naturally in the environment, soil, air, water, animals and plants, including humans.
The human body produces ammonia during the breakdown of protein foods and these are converted into ammonia and amino acids, and then the ammonia is converted into urea.
Ammonia is important in fertilizers that contain ammonium nitrate and release nitrogen. It is a fundamental nutrient for the growth of lawns and agricultural plants.
Uses of Ammonia
Much ammonia is used in the agricultural industry as it is an important component of fertilizers.
Ammonia is a derivative of nitrogen and it increases nitrogen levels in the soil. This increases the yield of crops such as wheat and corn. Ammonia is applied in a gaseous manner, having greater efficiency in tilled soils that have large air spaces.
Ammonia can also be used as a degreaser, as it is a very effective cleaner for absorbing grease splatters and stains on stovetops, tiles and countertops. Similarly, ammonia dissolved in water can be used to clean the oven.
Industrial uses of ammonia
In its gaseous state, ammonia is used as a refrigerant gas to dissipate heat and keep air conditioners and food refrigeration areas cool. As this element is a derivative of nitrogen, it is also used for ice production.
Ammonia is used to create nitric acid, a compound used to make resins, drugs, explosives and plastics. In other industries, it is used as a base for the manufacture of metals and textiles. Knowing the Electron configuration of Ammonia is essential to carry out any industrial use of this element.
Bathroom cleaning and disinfection
Another use for ammonia is cleaning bathrooms, as it works effectively on tiles and tiles, removing dirt and keeping walls shiny and clean for a long time. Ammonia is an excellent disinfectant that removes rust and mold stains that are common in bathrooms.
Window and glass cleaning
Another application for household cleaning with this chemical is glass. Ammonia is recommended for cleaning mirrors and windows for long lasting shine and cleanliness. This procedure must be performed with gloves as ammonia can be abrasive on the skin.
Use of ammonia on wood
Ammonia diluted in water is used as a cleaner for wooden furniture and floors, although it should not be used lightly.
It is also used to remove layers of paint or varnish from this material. This chemical can also be used to darken oak wood as the compound reacts with the tannins in the wood which produce changes in tone, giving it a deeper darkening.
Another use for ammonia is cleaning carpets and rugs, as the product effectively fights dirt from coarse fabrics, which is very useful when liquids are spilled on carpets.
Washing shoes and clothes
Ammonia is also used to clean shoes and clothing, although not all types of fabrics are resistant to this chemical. In the case of shoes, ammonia is used in those that have materials that cannot be washed.
Elimination of bad odors
- This chemical is also highly recommended for the removal of odors such as mildew and moisture that adhere to the fabrics of bath towels or kitchen rags.
- Knowing the configuration of the ammonia also serves to replace the softener because it allows a reduction in static electricity.
Ammonia is also known as an antiseptic as it relieves the burning and itching caused by the bites of insects like wasps. Ammonia is also used in jellyfish stings which when used with vinegar is a more recommended home remedy than urine.
Electron configuration of ammonia
- The Lewis structure of ammonia places each H atom attached to N by a covalent bond, leaving the latter with an unshared pair of electrons.
- The Electron configuration of ammonia is 1s2 2s2 2s2 2p3.
- The ammonia molecule has hydrogen atoms connected to a nitrogen atom, this one is small in size and has an electronegativity which allows the formation of intermolecular hydrogen bonds.