The density of chlorine is 3.21 g/cm3. Chlorine is a chemical element whose symbol is Cl. Its atomic number is 17 and its atomic mass is 35453. It is a yellow and greenish gas when its temperature and pressure are in the ordinary. In terms of reactivity within the halogens, it is considered number two. This places it after fluorine, and it is for this reason that it is found at high temperature in volcanic gases.
Estimates have been made that indicate that approximately 0.045% of the earth’s crust is made up of chlorine, which is also combined with metals, nonmetals, and organic-like materials. For hundreds of other compounds to form.
The formation of chlorine which is found in nature. It is composed of the stable isotopes corresponding to the mass number 35 and the number 37. Similarly, radioactive isotopes have been prepared artificially. When chlorine is boiling, the density of chlorine is at a critical point, being the same 0.573 g/ml.
Chlorine as a halogen element
There are four chemical elements that are closely related, among them chlorine, so-called halogens.
When chlorine is dry it becomes inert and when wet it can combine directly with most elements.
Chlorine and its main consumers
Chlorine is also a very reactive gas. It is an element that is given in a natural way. Among the biggest consumers of chlorine are companies that manufacture ethylene dichloride and certain other chlorinated solvents.
As well as:
- Polyvinyl chloride PVC resins
- Propylene oxide
Places of chlorine exposure
People can be exposed to chlorine in your workplace. Also through the environment through some type of escape from this product we find:
It can enter the body, either through the air by breathing it in, or by consuming it through contaminated water or food. However, due to its reactivity, it does not stay in the body.
Health effects of chlorine
The effects of chlorine on human health will depend on how much chlorine they come in contact with, and how long and how often they are exposed. Similarly, the health effects of chlorine will depend on the person and their health condition. as well as the conditions in relation to the environment at the time of exposure. However, if you breathe in chlorine in small amounts, for short periods of time, all of the airways and the respiratory system are affected.
The environmental effects of chlorine and its density
The environmental damage caused by chlorine is classified as low level, being particularly harmful to organisms present in both soil and water.